Provider Practice Essentials registered nurse continuing education

Viral Meningitis

Inpatient Management Guide Definition Meningitis: Inflammation of the leptomeninges (i.e., tissues surrounding brain and spinal cord). Aseptic meningitis refers to meningeal inflammation with negative routine bacterial cultures; the most common cause is enteroviruses. Encephalitis: Inflammation of the brain parenchyma Meningoencephalitis: Inflammation of the brain parenchyma and leptomeninges *Meningitis versus encephalitis: The distinguishing clinical feature is … Read more

Skin and Soft Tissue Infections

Inpatient Management Guide Definition Cellulitis: infection of dermis and subcutaneous fat Impetigo: superficial purulent lesions, esp. on face and extremities. Commonly with bullae and/or golden crust Erysipelas: raised erythematous lesion with clear borders Folliculitis: hair follicle inflammation. Superficial and limited to the epidermis. Furunculosis: hair follicle infection that extend to dermis. Multiple = carbuncle Necrotizing … Read more

Septic Shock

Inpatient Management Guide Definition The Sepsis-3 definitions were published in 2016. They are derived largely from a cohort of ~ 150,000 patients admitted to hospitals in the greater Pittsburgh area who were suspected of having an infection (cultures obtained and antibiotics given in close temporal proximity). The appeal of Sepsis-3 is that it is a … Read more

Septic Arthritis

Inpatient Management Guide Definition Arthritis is clinically characterized by pain, swelling, and/or deformity of one or more joints, often accompanied by stiffness and reduced range of motion in the involved joint. Definitions for select arthritides are below: Osteoarthritis: Results from loss of cartilage and subsequent bony reaction. Diagnosed clinically on the basis of classic historical … Read more

Sepsis

Inpatient Management Guide Definition The Sepsis-3 definitions were published in 2016. They are derived largely from a cohort of ~ 150,000 patients admitted to hospitals in the greater Pittsburgh area who were suspected of having an infection (cultures obtained and antibiotics given in close temporal proximity). The appeal of Sepsis-3 is that it is a … Read more

Pneumonia

Inpatient Management Guide Definition Community acquired pneumonia (CAP): Clinical diagnosis based on patient’s history, physical exam, and CXR. Can only be diagnosed in patients who have not been hospitalized or lived in a long-term care facility for the 14 days before presenting. Healthcare associated pneumonia (HCAP): Pneumonia in any patient who was hospitalized for two … Read more

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